Perception of Vietnamese on gender equality and violence
The findings about gender equality and violence are based on the Annual WIN World Survey – WWS 2022 – exploring the views and beliefs of 28,702 respondents from 39 countries across the globe, in which the survey in Vietnam is conducted by Indochina Research across 4 key cities Hanoi, Danang, Ho Chi Minh city and Can Tho (n=800 | see bottom of page for more information on methodology).
Gender Equality – Making progress globally in recent decades
According to the results our survey from 2018 to 2022, nearly 9 out of 10 of urban Vietnamese now believe that gender equality is definitely and to some extent achieved at work and at home, but not yet so much in politics (61%). In recent years, the fight for gender equality in the world and in Vietnam has made a significant progress. Nowadays, women have numerous opportunities to assert themselves, take on many leadership roles, and make significant contributions for the economy, society, community and family. From 2018, the strongest improvement that we need to celebrate is improvement perceived at work.
Globally, in terms of professional opportunities, only 4 out of 10 people worldwide believe that women have the same opportunities as men. The situation appears better in APAC, with 74% of Thais and 68% of Vietnamese believing that women have equal opportunities in job and career, while the road to equality appears to be taking longer in some countries in the Americas (Chile, Mexico, and so on) and Europe (Italy, Croatia, France, etc.)
When it comes to salaries, only about half of the global population (44%) consider that men and women are paid equally. In Vietnam, 80% of men believe that pay equality exists between men and women, but only 68% of women think so. Still about 20% of Vietnamese females think that their salaries are lower than men’s.
In terms of personal life, when comparing views between genders, still about 1 out of 10 Vietnamese women (11%) perceive that they have not achieved true equality at home. In fact, when asked how much time they spend on unpaid housework in an average day, such as washing dishes, cleaning the house, cooking, etc., 40% of women reports spending more than 3 hours a day on this work, while 67% of men reports spending less than 2 hours, and 4% of urban men still claim not do any housework at all – which may be a bit under declared…
Gender Safety – Vietnam is one of leading countries saying NO to violence
Generally, violence is increasing slightly, but in Africa it’s on high rise, from 16% in 2021 to a concerning 29% in 2022. It’s worth noting Vietnam as a generally safe place, where only 2% of people reported having been victims of violence, either physically or psuchologicaly).
In conclusion, there has been a significant progress in gender equality in the past 5 years which provides all of us the occasion to celebrate. However, gender inequality in politics, and access to jobs persists. This will require increased focus and efforts from all levels and sectors to gradually close these inequality gaps.
Methodology: The End of Year survey and Win World Survey are global research conducted by independent agencies members of the Gallup International Association or WIN Association. It provides a benchmark among more than 30 countries worldwide on different social and economic issues. In Vietnam, the 2022 survey is carried out by Indochina Research Vietnam among a representative sample of n=800 Vietnamese citizens living in Hanoi, HCM City, Can Tho and Danang urban districts, aged from 18 to 64 years old, from November to December 2022.
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